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 PRESENT SIMPLE  1|2
 

PRESENT SIMPLE IS USED FOR:

  • Permanent states. He lives in Moscow.
  • Repeated actions or daily routines (often with adverbs of frequency such as: always, never, usually, etc.) He usually starts work at 9 am.
  • General truths or laws of nature. The moon moves round the earth.
  • Programmes or timetables (trains, buses, etc.) The bus leaves in ten minutes.
Tom and Sarah work in the same office.
What time do they start work?
Sarah arrives at work at 9 o'clock but he doesn't get to the office until 10 o'clock. 

AFFIRMATIVE (+)

INTERROGATIVE (?)

NEGATIVE (-)
   read. } read?    

Long form

Short form

  
I/We/
You/They
Do
I/We/
You/They
I/We/
You/They
do not
don't
} read.
He/She/It/
reads. Does He/She/It/
He/She/It/

does not

doesn't
 

PRESENT SINPLE  

AFFIRMATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
NEGATIVE
I work
you work
he works
she works
it works
we work
you work
they work
Do I work?
Do you work?
Does he work?
Does she work?
Does it work?
Do we work?
Do you work?
Do they work?
I don't (do not) work
You don't (do not) work
He doesn't (does not) work
She doesn't (does not) work
It doesn't (does not) work
We don't (do not) work
You don't (do not) work
They don't (do not) work

FORM

  • We form the present simple with the subject (noun or personal pronoun) and the verb.
  • Affirmative. The third person singular takes -s or -es in the affirmative.
  • Negative. We use subject + don't + main verb in all persons in the negative except the third person singular. We use subject + doesn't + main verb in this person. I don't play, he doesn't play.
  • Interrogative. We use do + subject + verb in all persons except for the third person singular. We use does + subject + verb in this person. Do you like football? Does he like tennis?


SPELLING

  • Most verbs take -s in the third person singular. I work - I works.
  • Verbs ending in -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -o takes -es. I go - he goes.
  • Verbs ending in a consonant + y drop -y and take -ies.  I fly - he flies.
  • Verbs ending in a vowel + y take -s. I play - he plays.

PRONUNCIATION

-S OR -ES IN THE THIRD PERSON SINGULAR IS PRONOUNCED:

  • /s/ with verbs ending in /f/, /k/, /p/ or /t/ sounds. He sits. 


Time expressions used with present simple: every hour / day / week / month / summer / year etc, usually, always, every morning / evening / afternoon / night, in the morning / afternoon / evening / night, at night etc.

 

SHORT ANSWERS

Do you...?
Yes, I do. / Yes, we do.
No, I don't. / No, we don't.
Does he/she/it...?
Yes, he/she/it does.
No, he/she/it doesn't.
Do they...?
Yes, they do.
No, they don't.