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 PAST SIMPLE  1|2
 

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY

Adverbs of Frequency,always, often, never, rarely, sometimes, usually come before the main verb, but after the auxiliary verb (do, does etc) and the verb to be. They tell us how often something happens.
 
I never get up early on Sandays.
He rarely goes to the zoo. (= not often)
She sometimes has a sandwich for lunch.
Do you often walk to work?
Mum is usually home by four.
He is always late for work.
 

AFFIRMATIVE (+)

INTERROGATIVE (?)

NEGATIVE (-)
   } finished. Did   } finish?    

Long form

Short form

  
I/He/She/
It/We/
You/They
I/He/She/
It/We/
You/They
I/He/She/
It/We/
You/They

did not

didn't

} finished.
 

PAST SINPLE: REGULAR VERBS

AFFIRMATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
NEGATIVE
I worked
you worked
he worked
she worked
it worked
we worked
you worked
they worked
Did I work?
Did you work?
Did he work?
Did she work?
Did it work?
Did we work?
Did you work?
Did they work?
I didn't work
You didn't work
He didn't work
She didn't work
It didn't work
We didn't work
You didn't work
They didn't work

FORM

  • We form the affirmative of most regular verbs by adding -ed to the verb. I work - I worked
  • Other verbs have irregular affirmative forms. I see - I saw
  • We form the negative of past simple with didn't + base form of the verb. I didn't work yesterday, I didn't see Tom yesterday.
  • We form the interrogative of past simple with Did + personal subject pronoun + base form of the verb. Did he work yesterday? Did you see Tom yesterday?
  • We form positive short answers with did and negative short answers with didn't. Did you call me? Yes, I did. Did he tell you? No, he didn't.

SPELLING

  • We add -d to verbs ending in -e. I live - I lived.
  • Verbs ending in consonant + y drop the -y and add -ied. I try - I tried.
  • Verbs ending in one stressed vowel between two consonants double the last consonant and take -ed. I stop - I stopped.

USE

  • We use the past simple for actions which happened in the past and won't happen again. He graduated from high school in 1998. (When did he graduate? In 1998.)
  • We also use the past simple for actions which happened at a specific time in the past. He visited his grandparents last Sunday. (When? Last Sunday.)

Time expressions used with the past simple: yesterday, last night/morning/evening etc., two weeks/a month etc ago, in 1964 etc.


USED TO

We use used to + infinitive to refer to past habits or states which don't exist any more. In such cases we can also use the past simple.
 
I used to work/worked as a cleaner at the local hospital (but I don't any more).
 
I didn't use to wear glasses.
 
Did you use to have long hair?